ARVD and Sport
Textbook on ARVD
Research in Padua
ARVD and Sport.
In a recent study on 1642 competitive athletes (average 25.5 yr-old.)
manifesting cardiac arrhythmias, one hundred and one athletes (90 males, 11
females, aver. 25.9 yr.) were found to be affected by ARVD on the basis of
the WHO/ISFC diagnostic criteria. The same percentage (about 6%) of ARVD is
present in both the general arrhythmic athletes population and in the
subgroup of 136 top level athletes included in the study. Prevalence of ARVD
among athletes with cardiac arrest or sudden death is high (respectively 23%
and 25%), confirming the observation that ARVD is one of the major causes of
sudden death in Italian athletes. All cases of cardiac arrest were
exertion-related, indicating that the effort may induce electrical
destabilisation in subjects with ARVD. Therefore, sport activity should be
proscribed in subjects with documented ARVD (Furlanello et al.1998).